CPE :: Lesson 16



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Reading & Use of English: Part 1
Multiple-choice lexical cloze (8 questions)

ACTIVITY 76: Read the text below, click on the gaps and decide which word best fits each gap. Then check the correct answers.

What might be called the most modern and shall we say sympathetic names for human feelings only begin to appear in great numbers around the middle of the 17th century.

words as dissatisfaction, aversion and depression made their at that time. This vocabulary of feelings and moods grew larger in the 18th century. Apathy, diffidence and homesickness for example, came into being then. Older words such as excitement and embarrassment but only came to apply to inner feelings in the 1700s.

Along with these words we find a
of verbs and adjectives that described not only the qualities and activities of things but also the effect they produced on people's feelings. Entertain, fascinate and amuse are relatively new words, or at least old ones given a modern meaning.

the most characteristic of modem adjectives is the word interesting. Today it is used in so many ways that it is to imagine a conversation being carried on without it. However it is not actually found before the 19th century at which time its meaning was important. At about the same time the verb bore appeared.

If we wish to enter into the state of mind of those past ages we must imagine a time when people thought more in terms of objects than of their own emotions. If they were interested or bored they did not name their feelings but
the object that produced them. The change that came, in time, is an important one and is due to our greater sense of the inner world of feelings.


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