Lee aquí la
historia de la empresa en la cual vas a
trabajar durante 15 días.
Realiza todas las
actividades de cada día de trabajo y
consulta las respuestas.
In this first step, you will read
carefully the presentation of this unit (phrasal verbs have been
highlighted in yellow). A full glossary below will help you
understand it better. To get information in Spanish, just place the
arrow of your mouse on any highlighted word without clicking.
Hector Grant, Managing
Director, is worried about
productivity. He has decided to
consultants, who are specialists
techniques, to see how Harper & Grant can improve efficiency and
Any good management is keen to improve efficiency, but nowadays this
has become a largely specialised field, and outside consultants who
are experienced in particular techniques can be
to study work systematically and suggest improvements and ways of
stepping up productivity.
When this applies to manual work it is usually called work study,
and the idea is
to find out the most
efficient way of doing something before the formulation of
incentive bonus schemes.
The study of office systems and paperwork is usually called O. & M.
(Organisation and Methods). Work study could, of course, be
routine office jobs, such as
Mr. Grant has decided to call in a firm called Smith-Weston
Consultants Ltd. Their representative, Mr. Scott, is present at a
meeting called by Mr. Grant to explain the service to his
executives. Mr. Grant thinks that production methods on the factory
floor could be improved, but he has never considered that a check on
might run from the top to the
bottom of the firm.
rate at which goods are produced
professional business experts who, for a fee, advise clients on
aspects of their business;
they are usually
specialists in Organisation and Methods
the detailed study of manual, or semi-manual,
Through analysis, non-essential work can be eliminated and
operations carried out with maximum efficiency. Sometimes
called time and motion study. Time study: The detailed
study of the time taken to complete a specific work-cycle. Data
obtained is analysed to determine the time required to do the job at
a standard level of work performance
(análisis o estudio de desempeño);
output: quantity of goods produced
(producción, cantidad de productos fabricados);
to call in: to ask to participate
(llamar a alguien para presupuestar o realizar un trabajo);
to step up: to increase(aumentar,
to find out: to
search, to investigate (analizar, descubrir, investigar); piece rates:
a workman according to the work done, not by the time taken to do it
(trabajo a façon, pago por pieza o unidad terminada); incentive bonus schemes:
An incentive is offered to encourage employees
to work harder, and more efficiently.
A bonus scheme is
a plan for giving extra money to workers in certain circumstances;
they will usually
receive a bonus if their production rises
(plan de incentivos o bonificaciones); applied to: put to practical use in
(puesto en práctica en, aplicado a); invoice: a list of goods sold with the price(s)
(factura, facturación); typing: writing on a computer
might run: could extend
Listening for Gist
In this second step, you will listen
through this conversation. Don't worry about understanding every
word they are saying. Now, just relax, start listening to the audio
file and try to understand the general meaning.